For this assignment we have to research the 12 Principles of Animation found in Disney’s Illusion of life and beyond
This link shows quick animated gifs demonstrating each principle:http://the12principles.tumblr.com
Squash and Stretch
This action gives the illusion of weight and volume to a character as it moves. Also squash and stretch is useful in animating dialogue and doing facial expressions. Adding exaggeration to an object in motion gives it a greater sense of weight and volume. This principle is often demonstrated with a bouncing ball. The ball appears stretched when it is falling and squashed when it hits the ground. By squashing and stretching the ball, an animator gives a more realistic feel.
This movement prepares the audience for a major action the character is about to perform, such as, starting to run, jump or change expression. For example an acrobat does not just suddenly jump off the floor unexpectedly. A backwards motion occurs before the forward action is executed. The backward motion is the anticipation.
Influenced by theatrical principles, staging helps establish mood, create focus and clarify what is happening in the scene. Do not confuse the audience with too many actions at once. Use one action clearly stated to get the idea across. A pose or action should clearly communicate to the audience the attitude, mood, reaction or idea of the character. The effective use of long, medium, or close up shots, as well as camera angles also helps in telling the story.
Straight Ahead and Pose to Pose Animation
Straight ahead animation starts at the first drawing and works drawing to drawing to the end of a scene. This animation style in unpredictable. Pose to Pose is more planned out and charted with key drawings done at intervals throughout the scene. Size, volumes, and proportions are controlled better this way, as is the action.
Follow Through and Overlapping Action
When the main body/mass of the character stops all the other parts continue to move and catch up to the main mass of the character, such as arms, long hair, clothing, coat tails or a dress, floppy ears or a long tail. They are following the path of action. Nothing ever just stops at once. Overlapping action is when the character changes direction while his tail or clothes etc continues forward. The character is going in a new direction, to be followed, a number of frames later, by his tail and clothes in the new direction. Drag is when parts of the characters body are slightly behind the main body. Eg the legs walk on but the arms and head are slightly behind. Timing becomes critical to the effectiveness of drag and the overlapping action.
Slow In and Slow Out
As action starts, we have more drawings near the starting pose, one or two in the middle, and more drawings near the next pose. Fewer drawings make the action faster and more drawings make the action slower. Slow-ins and slow-outs soften the action, making it more life-like.
All actions follow an arc or slightly circular path. This is especially true of the human figure and the action of animals. Arcs give animation a more natural action and better flow. There are some expectations for example the animation of a mechanical device.
This action adds to and enriches the main action and adds more dimension to the character animation, supplementing and/or re-enforcing the main action. For example when two character would leaning in for a kiss. The main action is the kiss the secondary action could be the hands of one of the characters playing with hair of the other.
A variety of slow and fast timing within a scene adds texture and interest to the movement. Most animation is done on twos . Also, there is timing in the acting of a character to establish mood, emotion, and reaction to another character or to a situation. Differences in time have a big effect on the final feel of the animation.
Its like a caricature of facial features, expressions, poses, attitudes and actions. Action copied straight from live action film can be accurate, but stiff and mechanical looking which won’t be as exciting an interesting to look at.
The basic principles of drawing form, weight, volume solidity and the illusion of three dimension apply to animation.
All characters have to have appeal whether they are heroic, villainous, comic or cute. it doesn’t just mean the characters are good looking or cute. Appeal, includes an easy to read design, clear drawing, and personality development that will capture and involve the audience’s interest.
Another part of this assignment was to design our own characters using the principle of appeal. At first I found this daunting as I have never dived into character design to an extent that a could just create a new character. We had to use everything we had learnt n life drawing over the past year and try and implement these skills when coming up and drawing out our characters.
From the start I knew I wanted to have a character who was a bird. My first idea was a circus bird.
After completing some very rough life drawings based on this idea I decided to research some other cartoon bird characters for inspiration etc.
description provided on Kevin/Snipe
- Even though Kevin’s a female, her appearance is based on the male Himalayan Monal pheasant.
- Many sources, including Peter Docter’s study guide to Up, say that Kevin’s species is the mythical “Snipe”, a fictional bird created to send foolish people on wild goose chases. In reality, a snipe is a kind of wading bird which has a long slender bill and brown patterned plumage.
Kevin was a particularly good reference as I wanted my character to be tall and have a similar build to Kevin.
Another character influence was Crane from Kung Fu panda. Again I chose Crane as reference due to his tall slender build. I looked at how cranes legs and wings were put together.
After some more thought I decided a Pelican would make an interesting design with its large beak and wings. I thought it would look cool placing the body of a Pelican on top of tall legs like Crane and Kevin. Finding Nemo had a pelican character which also was good reference.
Rough drawing on how wings work.
This image was quite help when looking at a birds anatomy. From imagine Fx
I also looked at the owl from Whinne the Pooh to see how he developed hands out of his wings when he needed to hold or point at something. I liked the idea on how his first couple of feathers developed into fingers when they were needed.
Based on these ideas and references I sketched some characters
I then took these and completed some sketches from different angles.
This is my character rotation. I found it rather difficult to imagine what the character would look like from different angles. Lets just say it put my life drawing skills to the test.
Silhouette version to see if the character is recognisable blacked out.
I then went on to choose anticipation, staging, exaggeration and solid drawing to show through my character.
Exaggeration. I spread the characters wings exaggerating his stance:
As I originally had thought that the character would be a circus bird so I put together rough scene based on that idea. The character isn’t coloured. There are also broken down versions.
I tried to get this image to cover a couple of the principles. I placed the lights to highlight him which acts as staging. I also made his next bend back slightly to try and show him anticipating looking into the hat.
Anticipation ,staging, Exaggeration :
Life drawing Progress over Semester 2
With first year coming to an end in a week’s time and a year of life drawing under my belt I have quite a lot to reflect on. When I found out at the start of last semester that we would have a weekly life drawing class I was quite intimidated and to be honest quite worried as many of my class mates had already had experience in foundation. After the first couple of classes I felt like I didn’t even know how to draw but as the first semester went on I began to feel more and more comfortable. By the end of the first semester I definitely had improved and learnt a lot.
Going into second semester I felt a lot more comfortable after knowing what to expect. We continued with our weekly classes. For the first couple of classes we just practiced general life drawing 30 second poses to get back into the process after our break. We then progressed to looking at different techniques for example, head rotations using Pinocchio, character rotations drawing the head, proportions of the body and using the life models to draw live story boards as they acted out scenes. We also focused on particular parts of the body such as hands, feet and the head. During class I approached the tasks with a positive attitude even though I found some tasks rather difficult and my results may not have been the best. During each class our lecturer gave demonstrations with visual examples and also walked around the room giving advice, showing us what we were doing wrong and how to improve it. I found this extremely helpful as it allowed me to take the advice and try implementing it into my next drawing. We also got some tutorials for drawing hands and feet were our lecturer would demonstrate how he would approach breaking down the drawing. We then would try this technique from different angles from around the room. We also had a theory class where we had to read articles about issues within the industry and then have a short debate. I particularly liked this class as it made me think of research in a different way which I could implement into my actual work In the future.
We also were set life drawing homework’s which included drawing Pinocchio head rotations, balance, feet, storyboards, hands and character designs. For our final assignment, we had to design our own characters based on the principle of appeal and then choose 4 other principles to show using our characters. This was challenging but a fun way to end a year of life drawing. Overall I have thoroughly enjoyed life drawing as it is has definitely improved my drawing skills and opened my eyes when it comes to designing characters and drawing anatomy. Although I still may not be amazing at life drawing I have definitely improved and picked up skills which will help me throughout the next few years.
Here are some images of my life drawings covering tasks from each week:
Our next assignment for Imagining and Data Visualisation is to model/ sculpt a classmates head using sculpting software then retopologise it in Maya.
I decided to make my sculpture in Maya first as I thought it would be easier but it ended up being a longer process so I stopped and restarted my head in Mudbox. (I choose to make Jack’s head. ) I took a side and front on photo and lined up his facial features.
Here was my progress when I was I was using Maya. I modelled the nose, eyes and mouth area.
Tutorial I followed during using Maya
This is the tutorial I followed to help me to get to grips with Mudbox and its controls.
I started again using Mudbox which is a sculpting software. I started of with a rough shape and sculpted It into jacks rough head shape. I used the reference images to guide me. I placed spheres to act as eyeballs which were also useful guides for the upper face region. I used the grab tool to pull the mesh into the shape I needed. I then used other tools such as the wax, sculpt and foam tools to build up the face. I then used the knife tool to cut in finer details such as the ear, eye and eyebrows . The smooth tool was also important as it allowed me to maintain the realistic natural look. I smoothed rough details which I had cut out. I particularly enjoyed the process of sculpting as while using a graphics tablet it seemed very natural.
Screenshots during different stages of sculpting.
Final sculpt in Mudbox Render View:
I then imported the head sculpt into Maya. I messed around bit with the ai standard textures. As I had just watched the new Guardians of the galaxy film I thought it would be cool to make the head sculpt look like a character Yondu out of Guardians of the Galaxy. I added a rough Finn which worked well.
This is the final head model with the ai skin texture not retopoligised:
After completing the main sculpt in Mudbox I then imported it into Maya to retopoligise. I lowered the mesh before importing it so it wouldn’t lag while using the mesh in Maya. I follow a tutorial by Danny Mac on how you should retopolgise and what steps to take make the mesh work well. I used the quad tool to draw a mesh over the sculpt.
I found the process rather frustrating as my mesh kept ripping and wasn’t totally symmetrical which made the process harder.
Here are some images from he process:
After finishing the mesh it clipped the sides of the model making it looked jagged and rough even after smoothing it which wasn’t the effect I was aiming for.
Mesh during construction:
I took the model back into Mudbox and lowered the mesh and then re imported it into Maya. I then started to use the quad tool again using the lowered mesh as reference. This process was easier but probably will not work for all future sculpts. I altered the mesh and reduced it so it would be under 10000 polygons. I dragged the faces around, used the smooth and relax tools to try and retain more detail.
These results when rendered were far less jaggy and rough. :
Overall I found the retopology process far less enjoyable than the actual sculpting. I will need to work on retopology for any future sculpting.
Over the years 3D animation has proven to be a great success with all the major animation companies following suite and using 3D animation as the main method to produce and tell their stories. One creative and economical use of 3D animation can be evidenced in many of the recently released classically animated features. Backgrounds, camera moves, crowd scenes, and machines of all descriptions have been modeled and animated digitally. In many cases this approach can save both time and money.
This is an interesting article that I found which talks about the Disney’s Paperman, the style, production and the possibility of this combination of 3D and 2D animation being used in a full feature length film.
“While 3D animation has proved itself as a master of realism, it has often been accused of failing to capture the feeling and characterization that classical animation has offered audiences for the past century. The animation industry has begun to respond to this feedback, and has adjusted it’s priorities accordingly. More and more we are seeing a hybrid of classical and 3D animation; each technique being utilized for what it does best. Bringing inanimate objects, or those with simple geometry, to life is well within the digital realm. ” -(Sean MacLennan Murch)
Quite a recent short film is Paperman by Disney which focuses heavily on the use of 2D and 3D animation.
The Question On Everyone’s Mind…
“From the breathtaking appeal of the character designs, to the whimsy of the 2D/CG hybrid animation style and the resonant story of hope and love, there was a collective understanding that John and his team had crafted something very special…
After the Paperman screening at DTS, a bunch of our technical directors, my buddy Mike Greenholt (animation director) and I hung around and drilled John Kahrs with questions about the film.
Everyone was then (as the rest of the industry is now) wondering:”
“Could we do a feature this way?”
1.) John Kahrs Is Still “Pursuing” This Process At Disney:
“During our conversation with John Kahrs after the DTS screening, it was clear to me that all we really needed was time and a budget to streamline the technical process.
According to this interview with AWN, John Kahrs’ current work at Disney involves “pursuing” this CG/2D hybrid technique further.
Historically, Disney and Pixar shorts have often been experiments which advance the state of the art.
Steamboat Willie introduced sound and it is generally accepted knowledge that the feathers in For The Birds were an early test for Sulley’s fur.
The point is, Paperman is a technological and artistic advancement of the state of the art.
Although John Kahrs’ statement about his mysterious “pursuit” of this process is probably the most concrete reason to believe that a Paperman-style feature is on it’s way, it’s not the only reason…”
2.) Animation Artists Are Insane:
Here’s (basically) how the Paperman process works:
- The CG animators animate the scene in CG pretty much the same way they do in any other CG film.
- The computer renders the CG animation in a flat, “cel shaded” or “toon shaded”kind of way. (There’s no line art/ drawing at this point, just the fills.)
- The lines are drawn by hand onto the key frames inside of what appears to be the custom software that was designed for the production.
- This software “sticks” the drawings to the CG models in the keyframes and auto-generates the in-betweens the animation
- The auto-generated in-betweens are not as artful as the completely hand-made keyframe drawings so the animators still have to go through and tweak the in-betweens to look authentically hand-drawn, appealing and organic.
- The paper texture is added in compositing.
After seeing Paperman I was amazed at how the 2D and 3D elements merged and worked so well together. It had the clarity of a modern 3D film but the feel of Disney’s older classics. I would love to see Disney take this method an implement it into a full feature length film as Paper man has proven that 3D and 2D definitely were made to work and be used together.
During the making of our final animated short I was modelling and texturing the room. I also was in control of the lights In the scene. One of the main things I was aiming for during the construction of the scene was the pinky dusk lighting which created a nice romantic feel. I focused a lot on allowing the light to look realistic and natural using large windows, skydomes, coloured lights and reflections. I was very happy with the end result which went on to help the animation to look appealing and catch the viewers eye. Now after completing the animation I thought it would be interesting to see how Disney actually lights there own animations.
“Disney’s winner for Best Animated Film, Big Hero 6, is one of its best-looking films. Between the intricate detail of San Fransokyo’s 83,000 buildings and the soft edges of Baymax the robot, Disney worked technical magic — and now we have a better idea of how it was done. Yesterday, the company released a comprehensive explanation of its Hyperion rendering engine, which simulates how sunlight works.”
“Hyperion uses a technique called path tracing, which is an advancement on ray-tracing technology; this simulates the way light works in the real world, except in reverse. Rays from the Sun bounce off all objects, enabling us to see them — but it’s difficult for computers to render billions of rays in real time. Instead of calculating the path of every ray of light in a scene, Hyperion only renders light seen by the camera, bundling all the rays traveling in the same direction into a “path” for efficiency. Pixar has also been using its own Global Illumination technology to bring more depth and life to its animated scenes. For Disney and Pixar, the future looks bright.”
Week 1 -Initial Ideas
For our next assignment we have been set the task of completing a 25 second animation which has to be : HD, 24fps, 15-25 seconds long and deliver something which causes an emotion. I am in a team with Matthew, Glenn and Lauren
It has to deliver some kind of emotion which we are totally free to decide on. For the first week as a group we discussed genres and possible ideas for a general story/narrative. We brainstormed many ideas until we decided that we wanted the genre to be based around comedy/ thriller. We were thinking of what hassles us day to day that could be made into a funny animation. Someone then said what about the elevators. Immediately we all agreed. The elevators are slow they always pass you and most of the time you’re better off taking the stairs. We thought this would make a great animation as the idea was to give the elevator a personality and show what it’s really doing when your sitting waiting for hours on end.
After deciding on a rough idea we started to flesh it out with really rough storyboards, some basic character designs and a couple of different versions/endings. We then pitched our idea to the class and our lecturers. The idea consisted of two elevators sitting at the top floor generally talking. One says to the other “old lady on the bottom floor your turn”. The other elevator then unwillingly goes down passing people on other floors grinning as he passes. He then gets the bottom and is shocked to find a fat man instead of an old lady. The other lift then slowly comes down and says “do you even lift bro”.We then received some helpful constructive criticism on how we need to be able to tell our story in 10 seconds which would translate to around 25 seconds of on screen time. Otherwise we received a positive reaction to overall idea/plot.
Week 2 -Storyboarding/Animatic
For the second week we had to make a storyboard and an animatic for our animation. After our first pitch we decided that we needed to rework the story so it would fit with the given timescale and wouldn’t feel rushed. Before we started to draw up the storyboard we thought it would be helpful to go and take photos of the elevators in the university. Looking at different camera angles and possible shots that we could include in our animation.
Here are some of the photos:
After we looked at the different camera angles. We started to draw up our first proper storyboard. We also changed our story slightly so now there is only one elevator who is trying to get away from a fat ugly man who is trying to catch the lift at the top floor. The elevator rushes away when the man presses the button. He passes the other floors laughing but when he gets to the bottom he is shocked to see the man has beat him down. After speaking to the maintenance man he then unrolls the out of order tape.
We split up the story board into sections e.g. line art, shading and then editing it together to create the animatic.
Concept by Matthew
Final storyboard/ animatic
This is the storyboard that we pitched to the class. Generally the class understood the story and found it amusing but our lecturers still weren’t totally sold. They gave us feedback on some of the camera angles which they thought didn’t work/ read well. They also commented on the design of the elevator and certain problems that the eyes may cause for example when the doors open where do the eyes go. So coming away from the pitch we need to decide on a design for the elevator which works well and also a final story.
We also created another alternative ending where the man just squashes the elevator and then the escalator cracks a pun.
Week 3 Finalising Idea/ Design/ Concepts/ Research
Currently we are looking and experimenting with different designs for the characters especially the elevator. We have been looking into how we could bring the elevator to life which would make sense and work well. We started to research different ways others have animated and brought everyday objects to life especially using eyes.
We looked at Alan’s Apartment a sketch by Monkey Tennis who created an animation about everyday objects. “imagine if all the objects you interacted with on a daily basis had thoughts and feelings. What would life be like from their point of view!? How would they react to being used!? Are they enjoying their job or do they feel trapped and imprisoned!?
In Alan’s Apartment we give these objects a voice and the freedom to express what they truly think about their designated roles, and what the life of an inanimate object is really like.”
We liked how monkey tennis brought everyday objects to life using 3D methods, adding an obvious 3D face which worked well to deliver over the top expressions. The problem with our elevator is that some are glass, some are metal. Where would he face go when the doors open? If the face is in the inside the face won’t be scene if people are in the elevator and it also depends what material the elevator is made from. Opaque etc.
As well as 3D faces we have also been discussing using a 3D model with 2D animated faces placed on top. A good example of the use of 3D and 2D animation in one is Pixar’s short Day and Night were the main characters are 2D and 3D visuals are used to help deliver the story behind them. (Double exposure/image within and image)
Day and Night inspired Concept:
I originally had imagined that the elevator would be able to bend parts of its structure like its handle bar to create a smile. We researched the Blue Umbrella a short by Pixar which focuses on photorealism and brings objects to life through very subtle means.
I completed a concept inspired on the The Blue Umbrella:
I also made a quick concept in Maya looking at a photorealistic approach. After seeing my results I don’t think that the photorealistic approach would suite it. I think a colourful cartoony style would work better.
As well as looking at modern elevators we also have been discussing the idea of using vintage elevators from the early 1900s. We thought this might add more character to our animation as its from a very visually interesting period. The older elevators also use to have elevator operators which would be an opening for another interesting character.
More Images https://uk.pinterest.com/elizabeths4437/antique-elevatorsascenseurs-antiques/
After much discussion within the group about our story we decided that we wanted to change it to a comedy romance were the elevator falls in love with a new vending machine. So far we have a drawn up a rough storyboard and also started to do some concept characters.
Vintage character designs
I created some more characters such as a gob stopper machine and a seat which we may use as secondary/ background characters. I thought it may be interesting to give all of the objects the in scene eyes such as the doors, bins etc as well as the main characters.
After some group discussion we decided to use Matthews character designs. He completed some character rotations which I then took and modelled in Maya to see if the designs worked well in 3D.
Here are the Maya models which are not finalised:
I thought these models would be good reference for scale etc for when we started to make the scene.
This is an image of all the concepts that weren’t used as our idea changed
These are two animatics that had been made for our presentation based on the elevator vending machine romance.
After we pitched our idea to our class and lecturer’s we where asked why we decided to stay with the elevator character and not just base the whole animation on vending machine characters. We were told that it would be good if we could amend our story so its based purely around the vending machine characters as they really liked their designs.
Once again we came up with new elements to a story which only had vending machine characters. It basically consisted of two vending machines falling in love. They start walking over to kiss each other but they haven’t realised what kind of vending machines they are. One a Mentos machine and the other a Cola machine. Once they kiss they would explode and the aftermath and shocked expressions of the other endings machines would be shown. (simplified story).
We went with this idea for a while then decided during the making of another animatic that there wasn’t enough time to show all the scenes that were needed to allow the animation to make sense. We decided as a group that we had to cut down on shots but try and still let it flow well.
Work completed with physics for explosion idea. Mentos and coke coming out of vending machine ideas.
Matthew worked on the animatic planning shots and important timing limits. Glenn worked on making new vending machine models which where rigged with wires and moving eyes and mouths. Lauren worked on assets for the room while I made the room based of Lauren’s earlier designs.
The design was based of the university corridor on the animation floor.
So after finally settling on a story we started to work on making assets while gradually amending our shots/ timings based on feedback and resources such as time. I started to model our scene in Maya.
I started just placing rough shapes then gradually adding more detail to get the shape and dimensions of the room correct. I used the placeholder vending machines as scale references basing the room off them. We decided that we would just use Arnold presets to texture the scene as they allowed us to achieve a cartoony yet realistic look.
I focused on lighting the room using reflections to show the natural light from the windows. I tried to use under 4 lights to keep the render times down. I added a slight pink colour to the light to make it look like dusk. I also added in a sky dome to with a HDR image of a dusk skyline which also added to the effect.
This tutorial explains the process well.
Video based on how Disney lights there animations. Thought it would be interesting Separate blog post based on this. https://interestinglyanimated.wordpress.com/2017/04/04/how-disney-lights-their-animations-research/
After I had completed the rough layout of the room I started to play around more with the lights/reflection settings and also start to add more detail such as doors, tiles, roof lights.
I made brick walls for the outside incase we wanted to include any outside shots. I also made a outside image plane. It consists of building models I had made for the floating city project.
Different colours of light and different exposuresLauren gave me her assets such as the tables, flowers, water fountain and seat to fill out the room. I then went and placed all the assets around the room leaving space for the animation.
As the scene came together the render time went up. This was mainly due to the reflection settings being to high and there being to many lights with high sample levels.
I started to reduce some settings. The scene looses some of its photorealistic elements but still looks good and might even suit the characters better as they are more cartoony. I also added in an image plane that I had made using building models from our floating city project. I placed them infant the old image plane I used. I rendered this out and placed it in the scene which gave it a more realistic 3D look which matches the scene style.
Romantic scene setup.
Heart idea camera angle.
Here is a screenshot of our final scene with some of our final characters.
Matthew kept the animatic up to date throughout the later part of the process adding and replacing shots based on feedback from our lecturers.
Characters Modelled/Rigged (Glenn)
While I was modelling the scene Glenn modelled the characters and built up the rig to allow us to animate them. We knew we wanted the lips, eyes and body to move making the characters feel alive. The rig consisted of a lattice, and blend shape functions to allow the lips/ mouth to move.
We also new that we wanted to have the vending machines full of food. The two main characters had Cola and Mentos which needed branding. The other machines were filled with made up spoof brands based of classmates etc. We each either modelled food packaging or came up with some brand/logos. Each vending machine had its own textured brand. Etc krips, Jelison’s Mintes, Canon Cola and Ojs.
Matthew’s Krips Design
Matthews Mintes Design
Lauren’s Spudo Design
After many designs models made Glenn went away with all the current designs and modelled and rigged all the characters. We were aiming for a metallic glossy look that would catch the eye and look well. Cars inspired as that Pixar movie focused on reflective metallic surfaces. This put our render time up by quite a lot but it was definitely worth it. we also chose red for our main character as he had a cola brand and the people associate red with cola due to Coca Cola. There are three male and three female characters each with there own stereotypical characteristics like the emotions out of Pixars Inside Out.
Here are some images of the Characters with food/ branding.
Once the characters had been imported into the scene we each took some scenes from the animatic and animated the characters for that particular scene. Glenn showed us how to use the blend shapes and lattice rigs which proved to be rather hard to use. Glenn had also added in a plug which when it worked produced and nice effect especially in the running scene.
A major scene during the animated short is when the vending machines kiss and then start to swell up. We decided as a group that we wanted to add in a foam effect like how coke and mentos actually react. Lauren went away and created the effect using the n particle feature in Maya. She then implemented it into the scene. We used tutorials and helped each other critiquing each scene to try and get it to be the best it could be.
The main scenes I animated were the intro and the end scene with the vending machines getting soaked by the explosion. For the intro we decided we wanted the title to appear on the vending machine screen. Lauren put this title together but we thought that the text would look cool in a digital text.
I made a model of the title in Maya in a digital clock style text and then imported it in. I then animated it flashing on screen. Matthew animated the camera and Glenn showed me how to use the blend shape mouths.
For the last scene I animated the soaked shocked scene. I added in an emitter and used it to resemble foam soaking the vending machines. (particle effects) I cached the effect and then animated shocked faces on to the vending machines. The blue one faints at the end.
I also animated the previous shocked scene when they see the vending machines going in for the kiss.
3D Digital Text made in Maya
This is the a concept by Lauren of the fizz heart. Lauren went on to create the fizz effect using the n particles.
Lauren’s Progress on Fizz.
After my first experience with rendering during the floating city I knew what to expect from the process. We tried to optimise the scene by minimising the amount of lights used etc. We also turned the samples down which increased grain in the shadows but reduced render time. We are planning to re render everything after the presentation and the feedback anyway. We split most of our animated scenes over multiple computers to speed the render times up. We then went round and gathered the frames. I then started to edit the file together. We used Fcheck to check the frames to make sure they were all present and correct. I am using DaVinic Resolve to edit the frames together. I used free sounds of the internet such as coins, foam and fizzing. I then placed in the clips and played around with timings.
We decided on adding music during the running scene. The choices where between Lets get it on or Dreamweaver. Both songs are used for similar styled scenes in movies. We decided to use lets get t in as we though it best suit the visuals and added to the humour.
After I had completed the editing we prepared a presentation for the animation project. When we presented we received a very positive reaction from the lecturers and our classmates. We recieved some feedback from our lecturers:
Animation for first presentation
Noise at the end
Scale of foam
Animate the running more from the chest up
Too much camera movement at the start
Sign Value Backlit
Camera cut too much
Coke can sound
This camera pan was removed
Errors that we had identified that the lecturers didn’t mention. This scene was flipped as the heart shape didn’t work properly the right way round. The textures therefore for were also flipped so they would appear correct. That may be why the textures are hard to see.
For our feedback we went and corrected two major scenes. One was when the vending machines were kissing. We fixed the textures so they were more viable so the joke of Coke and Mentos mixing was more obvious. We also correct that actual fizz reducing it as we were told to make it smaller. For the scene were the male vending machines nudge the main character out. We took out the camera pan as we were told it involved too much camera movement. Finally we added in more sounds to help tell the story such as cans dropping, Mentos popping out of their packets etc.
During the amendment process. We had quite a few issues with rendering where the lighting glitches out and the foam also did not render how we had imagined it. We actually thought that the foam read better in the first version of the animation. We are now re rendering the scene to fix the lighting issues and change the foam back to the way it was. We still made the amendments to the camera pan and issues highlighted in the images above.
Here is the second version of the animation. We will upload the final third version when rendered. It will consist of all the amendments and foam more like the original version:
This is now the final version with the amendments re rendered. It contains new sounds and everything mentioned above.
Starting Floating City Project
Research/ Initial ideas
So for our first assignment in Imaging and Data Visualisation we have been set the task of modelling a floating city in Maya. In groups we have to gather statistical and cultural data on Belfast. Based on our statistics and research we have to design a 3D representation with motion graphics with annotations. I am working with Glenn and Leon for this task.
So far we have decided to base our research on Belfast as we thought it would to easier to gather relevant information as we could gather information from physical sources as well as online ones.
So far we completed some statistical and cultural research on Belfast. We have been collecting data from different sources such as Census data, Police Data and Tourism statistics. Here is some serious statistical Data represented in charts/ graphs:
Links we gather are information from:
As we were developing our ideas we also were discussing collecting slightly more humorous data about students and other buildings such as Boojums, best pokestops, best place for a night out etc. We thought as well as the serious statistical data that this would be funny and more engaging.
As a group we have started to discuss different ideas on what our city will look like.We wanted to keep it quite simple but be interesting to look at with bright colours etc. Our first idea was to make a city made up from revolving cogs with different kinds of buildings placed around them. It also would have chains etc hanging from the cogs going for a slight steam punk style. We also had ideas of having the city ride on the back of some biological creature but due to time this idea wasn’t feasible. Our final idea was to create a city with recognisable buildings from Belfast like the Albert clock, Queens and the City Hall. We also were going to add in buildings such as The Bot Pub and Boojum as students may visit these ones more frequently. These buildings would all be low poly and would be arranged to fit around each other. We also wanted to still include the cog idea and chains. We thought the buildings could be linked by chains and then the buildings would still sit on a base of revolving cogs.
These are some Initial ideas from Glenn and leon. Other images from Google
As well as focusing on Belfast we came up with some ideas for floating cities based of cities abroad. For example a city on a Sombrero, a city based around Hollywood Hills, Dublin Floating on top of a pint of Guinness. Glenn also had the idea of of placing the Violumpet player at the top of our city.
We looked at good examples such as the Avengers age of Ultron and District 9 which have floating structures. We also looked at low poly work and ideas using cogs and different structures. We particularly liked the idea of stacked buildings.
Images taken from google images.
Developing Ideas / Maya
I started to complete some concept ideas for the cogs etc using photo mashing and painting. I also started to build some low poly buildings/ structures from around Belfast.
Glenn’s Cog Concept
Glenn’s Chain Concept
After seeing our results with the cogs we didn’t think it suited the colourful style we had imagined. We also found out that other groups in the class were also looking at cogs so we decided to scrap the cog idea and just focus on our colourful student themed city.
Student city concepts. We imagined that all the buildings that we were planning on building would be stacked up on top of each other forming a tower of iconic buildings from around Belfast.
Reference photos for some of the buildings we have decided to model
We decided to model iconic buildings as well as others such as clubs bars and fast food outlets once again focusing on students. We used first hand photos as well as second hand photos from the internet.
Maya Construction Deciding on Modelling Style
So for our floating city we have started to build recognisable buildings/ structures from Belfast. I’ve been working on the Harland and Wolff Cranes. Heres some images of my progress. We decided that we wanted our buildings to have a unique and colourful look that would attract the eye but after building the crane I decided to focus slightly more on a lower poly style as time was an issue.
What is low Poly ? : Low poly is a polygon mesh in 3D computer graphics that has a relatively small number of polygons. Low poly meshes occur in real-time applications (e.g. games) and contrast with high poly meshes in animated movies and special effects of the same era.
After completing my first model for the project Glenn and I decided that it needed to be more low poly and cartoony. We looked at some low poly structures and other artists focusing on Belfast buildings and buildings stacked on top of each other.
Lawerence Etherington, The Etherington Brothers-Stacked Buildings.
Art By Tanya Mai Johnston, http://www.maibendyart.co.uk/- Wacky Belfast Buildings
Big Balls Studio- Low Poly Buildings
Buildings on Maya
These are some images during construction of the the individual buildings. They range from City Hospital, Victoria Square Dome, The Obel Tower, Harland and Wolff Cranes, Stormont and Finally Divis Flats. Some models were a joint effort such as The Alert clock, Titanic Building and The Boat Building which we all ended up working on.
Construction Of City In Maya and Animation
After we had built and textured each building we imported them into one file and started to stack them on top of each other creating our stacked city. We had built some buildings with animation in mind. Glenn took the clock faces, crane and flag from the Kremlin and animated them. This made our city slightly more interactive.
We moved the buildings around until we felt happy with the way it looked then added in more buildings gradually building up the stack. We also then decided on making a low poly grass and mud base instead of using the cogs. This worked well as it suited the city and overall style better than the cogs.
I modelled the grass and then Glenn modelled the soil base.
Final City Completed
These are rendered images of our city. After completing the main Maya model we each took copies of the final file and started placing cameras and key framing camera shots. We worked together as a group to figure out how to render a sequence correctly ( Creating the city as the central pivot for the camera and then parenting the background with the camera). We then play blasted our camera shots and then planned where our statistics would pop up during our final video leaving areas of sky for information to appear.
Rendering and Data Visualisation
After we placed and keyframes our cameras we rendered out the shots.
What is rendering. I thought this was and interesting addition to the post as it is a question which I have been asked before.
We also have briefly looked into Data Visualisation and how you can display complex data to make it easier to understand. This video explains the concept well. We are going place pop up text during our final video displaying some serious and humours statistics.
What is rendering. I thought this was and interesting addition to the post as it is a question which I have been asked before.
We also have briefly looked into Data Visualisation and how you can display complex data to make it easier to understand. This video explains the concept well.
Looked into this style for presenting are data.
Floating City Final Video
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Google.co.uk. (2017). google images – Google Search. [online] Available at: https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=google+images&client=safari&rls=en&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjg6Kbim9vSAhXjI8AKHRpLC4IQ_AUICCgB&biw=1518&bih=1037&dpr=2 [Accessed 16 Mar. 2017].
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Nisra.gov.uk. (2017). NISRA – Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (c) 2015. [online] Available at: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/ [Accessed 13 Mar. 2017].
OpenLearn. (2017). 20 things you might not know about Belfast…. [online] Available at: http://www.open.edu/openlearn/history-the-arts/history/heritage/20-things-you-might-not-know-about-belfast [Accessed 16 Mar. 2017].
Tourismni.com. (2017). Tourism Performance Statistics. [online] Available at: http://tourismni.com/facts-and-figures/tourism-performance-statistics2/ [Accessed 13 Mar. 2017].
Travelingwiththejones.com. (2017). 34 Fun Facts About Belfast, Northern Ireland. [online] Available at: http://www.travelingwiththejones.com/2015/02/09/34-fun-facts-about-belfast-northern-ireland/ [Accessed 16 Mar. 2017].
YouTube. (2017). Boney M Belfast. [online] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m0ODbFM5RLo&feature=youtu.be [Accessed 16 Mar. 2017].
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YouTube. (2017). The beauty of data visualization – David McCandless. [online] Available at: https://youtu.be/5Zg-C8AAIGg [Accessed 16 Mar. 2017].
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Over the past couple of weeks in life drawing we have been covering some new skills. Such as head rotations, drawing from different angles and live storyboarding. To be honest I found the head rotation week rather hard having to imagine the models head from different angles and still try and keep it in perspective. The head rotation homework’s have somewhat helped me with this but I still need to work at it. We also were set the challenge of imaging the model from different angles and then drawing her from that angle. This was very difficult but it allows us to try and combine all our life drawing skills. Finally during my last class we completed live storyboards. This consisted of the model acting out a scene freezing on certain poses. We then had to quickly sketch out a scene based on what we saw. This task was also challenging but was fun to complete. We now have to go and refine the live storyboard for homework. Overall Im am enjoying this semester’s life drawing but still find it challenging.
As well as our Schematic for Lady In The Van we also have to come up with a unique artefact which has meaning referring back to the movie. At first I wasn’t sure what was meant by an artefact from the movie so I researched the definition.
“An object made by a human being, typically one of cultural or historical interest.”
We decided as a group that we should then pick something from the movie that is unique and has an interesting meaning either referring to the main characters or the plot. We came up with some ideas as a group and decided to draw some rough sketches out in our sketch books. The ideas consisted of a pop up book with pop up figures and a pop up van. It also was meant to look like a play because Alan wrote plays for the West End. Another Idea was to make a plaque for Miss Shepherd but we didn’t think this idea had enough meaning. We also considered making the front window of the van which had been smashed and painted over with a cross. This represented the crash which affected Miss Shepherd’s whole life and it also would show her devotion to Catholicism. Miss Shepherds coat was another idea. Having an old coat painted an covered with relevant items from the movie. We were also going to stack rubbish a the bottom of the coat as she also kept lots of plastic bags. Our final idea was to make a hand brake from the van. During the movie as Miss Shepherd applies hand break Alan compares it to Excalibur and how it will never be released again because of the force she applied it with. Once the hand break was applied Miss Shepherd was there to stay. We were considering building in some kind of sword like Excalibur and cover it with yellow hand prints. The sword also could have blood splatted over it referring to the crash which Miss Shepherd spent a long time hiding. It also will be shaped as a cross to represent her faith.
Info on Excalibur : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Excalibur
Info on background / real life characters: https://proscenium.org.uk/productions/assets/0283-lady-in-the-van/programme.pdf
We decided as a group that we should pick something from the movie that is unique and has an interesting meaning either referring to the main characters or the plot. We came up with some ideas as a group and decided to draw some rough sketches. The ideas consisted of a pop up book with pop up figures and a pop up van. It also was meant to look like a play because Alan wrote plays for the West End. Another Idea was to make a blue plaque for Miss Shepherd but we didn’t think this idea had enough meaning. We also considered making the front window of the van which had been smashed and painted over with a cross. This represented the crash which affected Miss Shepherd’s whole life and it also would show her devotion to her faith. Miss Shepherds coat was another idea Having an old coat painted and covered with objects that Miss shepherd used throughout the film.
Our final idea was to make a hand break from the van. The idea was inspired by a major scene during the movie when Alan Bennet allows Miss Shepherd to drive her van into his driveway. During this scene Miss Shepherd applies the hand brake with such force Alan compares it to Excalibur and how it will never be released again. Alan have you put on the handbrake / I am about to do so / Where upon she applies the handbrake with such determination that like Excalibur it can never afterwards be released.
Excalibur is the legendary sword which King Arthur pulled from the stone and proved that he was the rightful king. During the planning of our artefact we had made clear that we wanted the handbrake to reflect the Excalibur in some way referring to Alan’s use of the imagery comparing Miss shepherd’s handbrake and the sword. Excalibur also symbolises spiritual intuition and is said to protect its welder from any wound like how the van protects miss shepherd.
During the movie Alan Bennet allows Miss Shepherd to drive her van into his driveway. This was only meant to be for a short while until Miss shepherd had sorted things out and then she would move on. We chose to make the hand brake because Miss shepherd secretly wanted to park her van in Alan’s driveway and once the handbrake was applied Miss Shepherd was there to stay. She actually ended up staying for 15 years until her death. We also built the sword feature into the handbrake referring to Excalibur and how the handbrake was never again released like how the sword was stuck in the stone. We added in smaller details such as the blood on the sword which was hidden in the rock reflecting the crash and Miss shepherds guilt which she tried to hide from everyone. The bin bags represent Miss shepherd’s belongings and also act as stones round the sword in the stone. The sword is also shaped like a cross resembling her faith and want for forgiveness for the crash and finally the yellow hand print reassembles her love for painting everything yellow.
For our storyboard research I decided to look at some cinematographers, camera angles and the use of sound.
During research I came across the cinematographer Emmanuel Lubezki who is known for his work on the films Gravity and The Revenant. I particularly liked how he implemented his very long continuos shots following the main characters throughout major action scenes in the movies. I thought it would be interesting to consider using these camera techniques and style of cinematographer to follow our main character during our short story.
Doesn’t cut at all.
Other cinematographers/directors I thought we could look into were Wally Pfister (Inception, The Dark Knight) and Tim Burton ( Charlie and The Chocolate Factory)
From the offset we decided we wanted our story to have a creepy feel to it. I decided to look into how horror films were made and what kind of camera angles and sound they used. Horror films are all about tone, texture, and mood. Unlike many other genres that rely more heavily on other elements (dialogue, plot points, etc.), great horror films are all about style. The two most important elements in creating that mood are sound design and cinematography.
Some techniques to make the viewer uneasy:
1. Shoot Through Things
3. Use Haze
4. Don’t Be Afraid of Colored Gels
5. Find Unique Angles
Info and images taken from https://www.premiumbeat.com/blog/cinematography-tips-for-horror-filmmakers/
The use of sound :
“Sound” refers to everything we hear in a movie — words, sound effects, and music. Sound is used in lm to heighten a mood, provide us with information about the location of a scene, advance the plot, and tell us about the characters in the story.
There are two categories of sound in lm: Diegetic and Non-Diegetic. Diegetic Sound refers to all those audio elements that come from sources inside the world we see on the screen, including dialogue, doors slamming, footsteps, etc. Non-Diegetic Sound refers to all those audio elements that come from outside of the ctional world we see on screen, including the musical score and sound effects like the screeches in the shower scene in Psycho.”
How do Sound Effects help to Shape a Film?
“Sound effects can be used to add mood or atmosphere to a lm by creating a soundscape that accents or adds another layer of meaning to the images on the screen. Pitch, tempo, and volume may be altered to indicate how the lmmaker expects the audience to respond to a given noise. For instance, high-pitched sounds, including screams or squealing tires, help to create a sense of anxiety, while low-pitched sounds, including the sounds of waves or the swinging of a door, can be used to create a sense of calm or mystery.
Perhaps the most interesting use of sound in a movie is the very absence of it: silence. At key points in a lm, directors may use silence in much the same way that they would use a freeze frame. Both tend to arrest the audience’s attention to highlight some action or change in story direction. Silence can be used to build up a scene’s intensity or to foreshadow impending doom.
In recent years, special sound effects have been added to movies in order to heighten the lm experience. Many of these sound effects, including explosions, phaser blasts, wind, and animal sounds are drawn from computer sound effects libraries and are added to a lm after the movie has been shot. Besides creating louder and more dramatic movies, these effects have tended to draw more attention to movie sound. With advancements in surround sound, sound effects have developed a more “directional” element, appearing to come from a specic place or direction. This directional quality of sound (alongside elements such as echoes) enhances a three-dimensional sense of space in the movie.”
Info taken from : http://thecinematheque.ca/education/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/LanguageofFilm07.pdf
Polar express hobo character reference and harry potter night bus character reference.
Inspiration for simplistic style and use of little dialogue:
Movie Unknown similar plot story line. Liam Nesson forgets who he is.